The need for power and energy increases each year. This is due to the rising population and increase in industrial companies. Governments are now investing in renewable energy sources to cater to the increasing demand and conserve the environment. A perfect example is offshore wind farms. These are constructed on water bodies and are useful in harvesting wind power.
What are floating turbines?
Floating turbines are an impressive technological advancement in the wind industry. These are offshore wind turbines mounted on a floating structure allowing the turbine to generate power in areas where fixed turbines aren’t feasible.
There are different types of Floating foundations. All use highly flexible power cables with floater motion features. These are;
- Spar buoy foundation design
- Semi-submersible platform
- Tension-leg platform
With the increased need to deal with pollution, governments seek good technological innovation to help tackle climate change, and offshore wind is worth mentioning. Floating turbine in wind farms can significantly supercharge renewable energy capacity globally.
What are the benefits & Cons of floating wind power?
- Wide coverage
Floating wind turbines cover a vast area, and don’t restrict where you can build. Moreover, you won’t bother about shallow waters; you can install turbines in the right places and harness more powerful winds. Besides, this is an excellent way of conserving the environment.
- Access to wind resources/ stronger winds
Floating wind power offers significant access to wind resource over the deep waters. Near the shoes, moving air is more turbulent and widespread. Some miles out of the sea, the winds are more robust and reliable, thus generating more electricity. Moreover, most manufacturers are coming up with more giant turbines to harness more air. And these are ideal for use on floating platforms.
- 3. Simple deployment
Floating wind turbines are easy to build due to the lack of foundations. Floating wind turbines are assembled and towed into position using cranes once constructed entirely. The process saves a lot on lifting gear.
- Easy inspections & Maintenance
With floating wind turbines, the wave and tidal power systems are installed underwater. The process uses different lifting equipment like the tower upending tool to guide tower sections for the turbines. These are easier to insect and maintain compared to floating systems that are hard to maintain or repair. What’s more? It’s easy to swap or replace the turbines with floating wind power. This can be challenging with fixed turbines.
What are the disadvantages of floating wind turbines?
Floating platforms use anchors and cables on the seabed that can interrupt offshore ecosystems. There’s also a high likelihood of creating artificial reefs which invite invasive species. The effects of floating turbines on aquatic life are also unknown.
Also, with floating platforms in the water, there’s no clear image of the platform, making offshore farm viable. Lastly, offshore farms mature yearly, thus lowering the cost of new innovations, attracting investors compared to floating platforms.
The benefits of wind power make it a viable source of energy for many. Nowadays, most wind power companies use floating turbines due to their many advantages. To gain more from floating platforms, acquire services and tools from an accredited manufacturer and enjoy quality equipment and services.